Academics

Biology Course Descriptions

Click for an explanation of terms and abbreviations used in course descriptions.

BIO 120 Life Science. 3 cr.
Major biological principles and concepts relevant to humans and their environment. The nature of doing science. Hands-on activities, investigations, and a writing component are required. Not applicable to the major or minor in biology. 3 lec.
BIO 124 Plant Science. 4 cr.
This course explores the importance of plants for life and society; plants and ecology; wild and cultivated edible plants; medicinal uses, garden, and house plants; plants and human nutrition; plant growth and reproduction. A plant collection is required. Not applicable to the major or minor in biology. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab.
BIO 141 Introduction to Microbiology. 4 cr.
Topics include the germ theory of disease, the immune system, public health, food microbiology, agricultural and industrial application. Emphasis on current topics and reading of the secondary scientific literature. Not applicable to the major or minor in biology. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab.
BIO 201 Principles of Biology 1. 4 cr.
Includes aspects of ecology, environmental science, plant and animal tissues, food production and intake, human anatomy and physiology, reproduction in plants and animals, living kingdoms, and animal behavior. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab.
BIO 202 Principles of Biology 2. 4 cr.
An introduction to cellular reproduction, genetics, natural selection, biochemistry, and cellular biology. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab.
BIO 225 Human Anatomy and Physiology 1. 4 cr.
A systematic approach to the study of human anatomy and physiology using models, charts, readings and dissection. A human cadaver is an integral part of this course. Emphasis is placed on anatomy. Mastery of anatomical vocabulary is expected. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab.
BIO 240 Nutrition. 3 cr.
Essentials of normal nutrition and its relationship to the health and wellbeing of individuals and families will be emphasized. Included will be the study of the physiological, psychological, and economic aspects of obtaining an adequate diet. 3 lec. This course is required prior to applying to the nursing program.
BIO 255 Human Anatomy and Physiology 2. 4 cr.
A continuation of Human Anatomy and Physiology 1 with emphasis on the function of organ systems and cellular mechanisms responsible for homeostasis. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 225.
BIO 265 Muscle Physiology. 4 cr.
In-depth focus on the mechanisms, regulation and function of striated muscle metabolism and contraction with emphasis on performance and adaptation in both normal and pathological situations. Cellular and molecular adaptations to physical activity and inactivity are covered. Athletic injury and recovery and other conditions that impact muscle function are studied. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab. Prereq: CHE 101 or CHE 161 and BIO 225.
BIO 283 Marine Ecology. 3 cr.
An introduction to marine ecology for science and non-science majors in a unique field and laboratory environment on the island of Jamaica. Field trips will include coral reef, estuary, and tide pool communities. Offered during vacation breaks. (Additional fees and instructor approval are required for this course.)
BIO 310 Biostatistics. 3 cr.
This course will provide students with an introduction to modern statistical techniques used to analyze and interpret data in the biological sciences and related fields. Topics include descriptive statistics; averages; random sampling; sample size; binomial, normal, Student T, Chi-square, and F distributions; estimation and tests of hypothesis; linear regression and correlation; multiple comparisons; ANOVA analysis. Emphasis is placed on hypothesis testing and experimental design. 3 hrs lec. Prereq: junior status or MAT 222.
BIO 321 Invertebrate Zoology. 4 cr.
A study of anatomy, behavior, classification, and ecology in invertebrates. Organisms will be collected from the Menomonee River, Milwaukee County Ponds, and Lake Michigan. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 322 Vertebrate Zoology. 4 cr.
Aspects of anatomy, behavior, classification and ecology of vertebrates. Field trips will include bird identification and sampling fish in streams and lakes. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 323 Medical Terminology. 2 cr.
The basic elements, rules of building and analyzing medical words, and medical terms associated with the body as a whole. Utilizing a systems approach, the student will define, interpret, and pronounce medical terms relating to structure and function, pathology, diagnosis, clinical procedures, oncology, and pharmacology. In addition to medical terms, common abbreviations applicable to each system will be interpreted. Prereq: BIO 201.
BIO 324 Botany. 4 cr.
Study and identification of nonseed plants, gymnosperms and angiosperms. The economic and ecological importance of these plants is considered. Field studies and a plant collection are required. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 331 Cell Biology. 4 cr.
Study of the cell as the fundamental structural and functional unit of living organisms: cell morphology and morphogenesis, cellular movement, interaction, ultrastructure and related organelle functions, reproduction, differentiation and histogenesis. 3 lec, 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 341 Microbiology. 4 cr.
A survey of microorganisms, their structure, geochemical activity, nutrition, growth, application in industry, and control in public health. 3 lec, 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 354 Immunology. 4 cr.
An introduction to the mammalian immune system. The genetic and cellular basis of the immune response is explored through lectures, readings from primary and secondary literature and discussions. 3 lec, 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 355 Pathophysiology. 4 cr.
An integration of human anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry with special emphasis on the etiology and mechanisms of disease. Lecture topics will include: cell injury, inflammation, immunity, neoplasia, blood and circulatory disorders, respiratory disease, gastrointestinal disease, electrolyte imbalances, endocrinology, reproductive physiology, musculoskeletal disease, pain management and disorders of the central nervous system. 3 lec, 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 202.
BIO 360 Genetics. 4 cr.
Physical and chemical basis of heredity and variation: genetic system, structure and roles of nucleic acids, mutation, and genes in development and population genetics. 3 lec, 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 372 Developmental Biology. 4 cr.
An introduction to the genetic, molecular, and cellular mechanisms that direct the development of multicellular organisms. Topics include: gametogenesis, fertilization, gastrulation, organogenesis, sex determination, developmental gene regulation, and teratology. The scientific, ethical and political issues surrounding assisted reproductive technology, cloning, and stem cell technology will also be considered. 3 lec, 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 380 Ecology. 4 cr.
Properties of populations, communities, and ecosystems; energy and nutrient exchange, population growth and regulation, competition, predation, mutualism, nature of communities, and biogeography. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 401 Research Strategies 1. 5 cr.
An advanced student/faculty collaborative research course including in depth discussion of laboratory/field techniques, the development of an original researech proposal, and extensive laboratory/field experience. Required capstone for the Biology major. 2 lec/lab. Prereq: Senior Biology major or by approval from the School of Life Sciences.
BIO 402 Research Strategies 2. 5 cr.
A continuation of the BIO 401 capstone requirement for Biology majors. Extensive laboratory/field research followed by a written and oral summary of the original capstone research project. 3 lec/lab. Prereq: BIO 401.
BIO 433 Molecular Biology. 3 cr.
Major themes in biochemistry are examined in the context of mammalian physiology. Topics include: protein structure and enzyme catalysis, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in relation to energy production, nitrogen metabolism, vitamins, protein and nucleic acid synthesis, and the nature of the genetic code. 3 lec, 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 331 and BIO 360.
BIO 455 Advanced Physiology. 4 cr.
An integration of biochemistry, molecular biology, cell biology, and genetics focused on understanding gene expression, inter- and intra-cellular signaling, and other regulatory systems that maintain cellular and organismal homeostatis. Labs will examine how these topics serve to coordinate developmental, immuniological, or disease processes. 3 lec, 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 225 and BIO 331.
BIO 465 Evolution and Diversity. 4 cr.
A study and evaluation of the mechanisms of evolution, evolutionary history and the diversity of life. The structure and function of organisms are compared within an ecological/evolutionary context. Key adaptations to survival are examined among organisms from bacteria and protists to plants, fungi, and animals. Labs investigate population genetics, phylogeny, form, and behavior of selected organisms and provide experience in experimental design and scientific writing. 3 lec, 2 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201, 202, and 360.
BIO 481 Natural Resources Connections. 4 cr.
A series of guest lecturers will expose students to factual examples of global and national natural resource interconnectedness issues. Many of the topics will focus on our nation's public lands with an emphasis on natural forests and grasslands. Students will be required to choose a subject from the various lecture topics and work with the lecturers to obtain information and prepare a paper for presentation. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 483 Stream Ecology. 4 cr.
The study of biotic and abiotic aspects of stream ecosystems, including sampling and identification of fish and macroinvertebrates. Anthropogenic effects on streams in the context of Christian ecological stewardship will be evaluated by comparing streams in urban and more natural watersheds. 3 lec, 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 490 Internship. 1-3 cr.
By arrangement with department.
BIO x91 Special Topics. 1-4 cr.
This course is a seminar in current biological topics. It may be repeated for different topics. This course may require laboratory participation. Prereq: Instructor approval.
BIO 492 Department Seminar. 1-3 cr.
A small group exploration of primary and secondary literature in various aspects of biology. Students will provide overviews of literature in their area of interest. Select discussion questions will also be sent out to Internet discussion groups for comments from students and professors at colleges and universities around the world. Prereq: BIO 201 and BIO 202.
BIO 498 Independent Research. 1-3 cr.
By arrangement with the department.
BIO 199-499 Independent Study. 1-3 cr.
By arrangement with the department.