Geography of Jamaica
Jamaica is a Caribbean island south of Cuba. It has a strategic location between the Cayman Trench and Jamaican Channel, which is on the main sea lanes to the Panama Canal. Jamaica has a total of 10,991 sq km so it is slightly smaller than Connecticut. The climate is tropical with hot, humid weather and a temperate interior. There is a hurricane season from July to November.
The land consists mostly of mountains that come from the island's volcanic origin. It also has a coastal plain. The highest point is Blue Mountain Peak at 2,256 m, which is commonly known as "the top." Jamaica's natural resources include bauxite, gypsum and limestone. Current environmental issues Jamaica is facing include heavy deforestation, coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage and oil spills, damage to coral reefs and air pollution in Kingston from vehicle emissions.